Associate professor of Payam-e-noor University
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Developing Anxiety Personality Traits in High School Students of QOM (an Iranian sample)



Development of trait anxiety scores across high school years of adolescents was our goal. 872 high school students (involve 440 female and 432 male) participated in the study by clustered random sampling. Our instrument was Cattell's Anxiety Scale that assesses anxiety as a trait by 5 primary personality factors (Q3- ; C-; L; O & Q4, obvious, hidden & total scores of anxiety). Data analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance and post hoc's LSD test. Results showed that females had high scores in O, Q4 & L factors mean that girl are more worried, have more tension and insecurity. Furthermore, worrying decreased at fourth grade, but tension at second grade is increased significantly and decreased again to fourth grade. It seems that field selecting at grade 2 has produced this tension. CONCLUSION: High school counselors couldn't help students to managing tension of Field-selecting. Educational system must pay more attention to adolescent's health by increasing high school counselor's abilities. In addition, with fixing identity and strengthen ego, adolescents increase their ability to manage stressful events. 


ICP2004 - Beijing - China




Present study assessed the effect of coping therapy (as an innovative technique based on Folkman-Lazarus coping theory-1984) in anxiety treatment. While, Wiedle (1994) emphasized on schizophrenics, our technique independently involve all decreasing mental health factors. Participants were 45 female volunteer anxious students of universities. They divided in 3 equal groups (Coping Therapy, Progressive Relaxation Training & Control), randomly. Cattell's 16PF Questionnaire and Folkman-Lazarus Coping Ways Questionnaire executed on 3 groups. Results showed that CT changed anxiety second order of 16PF and O, Q3, & Q4 primary factors, significantly. Furthermore, CT decreased Escape-Avoidance and Increased Seeking Social Support. But PRT and control didn't show in any CWQ scales and anxiety scores.

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13th congress of world federation of psychiatry- cairo 2005

Present study executed on 30 volunteer female student of university to assessing its possibility to treatment personality disorders. We administered Cattell's 16PF Questionnaire before and after Coping-Therapy sessions. Participants divided to two groups, randomly. Each treatment and control groups had 15 participants, and we determine treatment group randomly. Coping-Therapy executed in group therapy sessions. Data analyzed by paired sample t test. Results showed that in treatment group (Coping-Therapy), some primary personality trait scores changed after treatment. Scores of A, B and Q3 factors increased and M, O and Q4 scores decreased. While, Control group scores hadn't changed. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that Coping-Therapy (as an innovative technique) may be helpful in treatment personality disorders. However, we must be very cautious in generalization and need to expanded studies, because of methodological limitations.

ICCS2004 - Allahabad - India



There are many factors that predict depression in adolescents. By clustered random sampling, 587 female high school students (11 to 20 years old) from all educational districts of Qom assessed by Automatic Thoughts Scale (Agha yousefi, 1999), Inferiority Scale (Agha Yousefi, 1999), Social- School  Attitude Questionnaire, dysfunctional attitude Scale, and short form of Beck Depression Inventory. Data analyzed by linear multivariate regression. RESULTS suggest that among all, cognitive biases (automatic thoughts) had most predictive value in depression (adjusted R2 = .259). In addition, participants can't be well adapted with school demands. So, in first grade of each stage of high school period, they experience an increased depression. CONCLUSION: to develops mental health and good quality of life in female adolescents, must consider their special needs and modified educational systems of society to decreasing cognitive biases and depressor thoughts and attitudes.  Nevertheless, we must be cautious in generalization of findings because Expost Facto design.  


31st national conference of Indian Association of Clinical Psychologists

Personality determinants of coping ways


Mental health and quality of life depend on personality factors as other determinants. For social health developments, we couldn't neglect personality roles in people behavior. We executed researches on female adolescents in high schools in Iran, ordered by Women and Youths Committee (governor-general - Qom state). In one of them (Agha Yousefi, 1998), Eight hundred seventy-five female adolescents participated. Findings had been suggested that depression was more prevalent our expectations, and automatic thoughts and inferiority feelings predicted it. In second study for them (W & Y Committee- Agha Yousefi, 1999), Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire administered. Findings suggested that Neuroticism increased in grade 8 (13-14 years old), and self-esteem decreased simultaneously. So, we encouraged to study female's mental health at university. Cattell's 16PF questionnaire (form A) and Folkman-Lazarus Coping Ways Questionnaire (1988), administered on 85 Volunteer female students of universities in Qom. 16PF assesses personality based on trait theory, and CWQ measures eight ways that you may use to coping with stress (they assume coping as situational processes). Data analyzed by linear multivariate regression (stepwise method). Findings: Confronting Coping predicted by fQ4 primary factor, Distancing by fL & fM, Self-Controlling by fH, Seeking Social Support predicted by fB, Accepting Responsibility (self-blaming) and Planful Problem Solving by fC, Positive Reappraisal by fC & fB. Finally, Escape-Avoidance coping way predicted by fM ,fO, fQ1, fA & fQ2  primary factors. Results show that personality traits affect on coping ways in participants. Formerly researches showed that Escape-Avoidance produce poor mental health (Folkman & Lazarus, 1988). This study showed that fM, fO, fQ1, fA, & fQ2 primary factors increased Escape-Avoidance. CONCLUSION: We need other studies on males and greater samples to find reliable conclusions. Primarily, to prevent maladaptive coping ways in young females (due to Escape-Avoidance coping way), maybe educational and health care systems in society must help children and adolescents to form adaptive and appropriate personality traits

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